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Omsk (Russian Federation)

 Omsk is an administrative center of Omsky region. The population counts 1,135 mln pp. (2007) and takes the second place in Siberia and 7th in Russian Federation. 

The first Omsk fortress was founded in 1716 by the Cossack squad under the command of I.D.Bukhgolts. Omsk served as a frontier against attacks of nomad tribes and as a stockaded town till 1797. In the 19th century Omsk was firstly turned into the center of the West-Siberian region and after that into the center of Prairie region that took in an essential part of the West Siberia and the North of modern Kazakhstan.

During the Civil War Omsk was a residency of Temporary Siberian Government at first (P.V.Vologdsky in the head), then - Temporary All-Russian Government (N.D.Avksentyev in the head) and after that - Russian Government of The Sovereign Ruler and Admiral A. V. Kolchak. Facing such facts, it is possible to say, that Omsk was the actual capital of Russia during the Civil War.

The city has an actual rule to be named the one of the largest industrial centers of the country because of the functioning of the huge industrial enterprises. Many of those were, unfortunately, removed and evacuated from the European part of the country during the Great Patriotic War. The foundation of the city industry is composed by petrochemical plants like Omsk Oil Refinery, JSC "Omsky Kauchuk", JSC "Omskshina", JSC Technical Carbon Plant (Omsk). Since 2006 the building of the first Russian Plant specialized in producing of pollution-free fuel made of grains called bioethanol is conducted in Omsk. Omsk is a huge transportation connection point since it has rail- and highways and also Trans-Siberian Railway, the river harbor and the airport.

"Avangard", the hockey team is considered to be the special pride of Omsk for a really long time. The club was founded in November 1950 under the name "Spartacus" and now the team represents the city in Continental Hockey League.

Omsk has 14 museums 14 theaters and 21 higher education institutions. The Regional Museum of Local Lore founded in 70s of the last century is now one of the largest cultural centers and the pride not only Omsk citizens but the city guests who visit the museum and get inspired with it. The names of such famous people like Michail Vrubel, Lyubov Polischuk , Dmitry Sychev, Pobert Pozhdestvensky are connected with city and its history.

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